Our idea of "good repair in the bathroom and toilet" is changing very rapidly. Several years ago, it was found out which one of the toilet bowls is better - a compact or with a separate tank, today - they install pendant toilets and other plumbing and argue which installation for the toilet is better.
- 1 What is the installation for the toilet and what are they
- 2 What to look for when choosing
- 3 Installing the toilet seat installation
- 4 Video on installation of toilet installations of different companies
What is the installation for the toilet and what are they
Recently, more and more often installed suspended toilet bowls and bidets. The design on which they are mounted and called the installation. In addition to the weight of the plumbing cup, the installation also holds sewer and water connections, and some models also a water tank. The tank is made of polymer, access to it is limited, as it is then closed with tiles or other external trim. After installation, only adjustment is possible with access via the drain button. It is for this reason that it is better to choose the plumbing of this type of good quality - in case of problems you will have to redo everything - knock off the trim, change the tank, then do everything in a new way, and this is far from cheap.
There are installations of two types: block and frame. Blocks can be called otherwise attached - they are attached to the main wall (in the photo below). That is, for their installation requires a wall with a sufficient load-bearing capacity.
Frame installations can be attached to the floor and to the wall, can only have two anchor points to the floor. They differ in that they do not require a reliable wall - the frame is more massive and necessarily rests on the floor. A frame installation for a toilet can be installed even in a plasterboard wall.
Regardless of the type of installation of the installation for the toilet - the case is dirty, so work must begin before the finish of the walls in the bathroom or toilet. The frame installation for the toilet is installed generally at the stage of creating a partition or mounted in a prepared niche.
What to look for when choosing
Installations for the toilet are sold as a set with a bowl, or separately. It's easier, of course, to buy everything in the kit. Then all the dimensions will exactly match. If the bowl is already available, it will be necessary to look at the dimensions of the frame and the distance between the fastening elements - it must coincide with the mounting holes in the toilet bowl.
It is very useful, if the frame has the possibility of height adjustment - you can set the bowl on the level you want. Pay attention also to the type of color. The best option is powder coating. It is reliable, creates a tough, durable film that holds well to the metal. All other types of paint are worse to hold on.
When choosing an installation for a toilet, you should pay attention to the equipment. Usually, together with the frame there are fastening elements - for the suspension of the toilet bowl, fittings for fixing sewer and water pipes. Some firms also include a tank and drain button as standard. The drain, by the way, can be dual-mode. It is more economical, as when pressing a large button 6-9 liters merge, small - only 3-4 liters of water. Well if the discharge is adjustable - the volume of the draining water can be adjusted to the specific shape of the toilet bowl.
Which type of installation under the toilet and bidet is better? More reliable is the frame construction - it usually uses thicker metal, but it also costs more. In any case, when choosing a frame for a hanging toilet, pay attention to the strength of the structure - it should not be unsteady, its elements should not bend. Examine the welds and the quality of the paint - there should not even be any minor flaws.
And a little about the manufacturers. The best are the installations for the toilet made in Germany and Italy. But their plumbing is expensive. The equipment for bathrooms and toilets is made not worse than in the Czech Republic and Bulgaria, and the price range for their products is medium. The cheapest installations and hanging toilet bowls are Chinese, but they are risky to communicate with them - they can work normally, and they can quickly fail.
Installing the toilet seat installation
Installation begins after the floor has been leveled. If a block type of installation is selected, then walls must be aligned. As already mentioned, the installation of a block installation is possible only on a wall with a good load-bearing capacity. Typically, these are load-bearing walls, since conventional partitions can collapse.
First of all, you need to determine the location of the toilet. Depending on the type of installation, you need to fix it to the floor or to the wall. Sewer pipes and water should be brought to the intended installation site. The spigots of these systems should be located in the immediate vicinity of the chosen installation site.
Next, we are talking about installing an installation for sanitary ware of the frame type.
We fix the frame to the floor
Then we expose the frame to the place where it should stand, check the verticality, horizontal. Then, with a pencil or marker, make marks in the attachment points - there are holes in the frame.
Moving the frame along the marks we drill holes - for the size of the fasteners. When installed in concrete, usually used dowels with caps for hexagonal wrench. After the holes are made, the frame is put in place, insert and tighten the dowels.
We set the desired height of the toilet bowl installation
Most of the installation frames for the toilet are adjustable in height. When choosing the height is considered from the level of the finishing floor - in fact from the level of the laid flooring. If the coating is not yet available, its thickness should be added to the required height.
To set the height of the legs, the frames are made adjustable. They are fixed by the clamping bolts. To adjust, loosen these bolts (located at the bottom of the frame on the legs), set the desired height, check the horizontalness of the upper bar, and then tighten the bolts again.
We mount to the wall
For fixing to the wall in the set there are special adjustable bolts. One end they are attached to the upper corners of the frame, the second fixed to the wall (dowels of the appropriate type).
After that, the installation for the toilet is exposed strictly vertically. To the side racks apply a building level, rotating the nut on the fasteners change the position of the frame relative to the wall.
The procedure is important, but simple. We expose all with maximum accuracy, check several times in all planes. Everything should stand perfectly smoothly. After adjusting the movable tongue on the fasteners (in the photo it is under the finger) pressed. He clamps the screw, the frame is rigidly fixed.
The company Grog has an additional fixer - a plastic clip that clamps the thread. Install it near the checkbox (in the photo).
Sewage and water connection
The next stage is the connection of the branch pipe fixed to the frame with the sewer outlet. Some kits have factory knees, if they do not have to look for suitable ones or put a corrugated plumbing pipe.
Another option - on the frame there is a plastic yoke, into which a sewer pipe is inserted (pictured above). In this case, the cross-section of the pipes is clearly specified.
Cold water is connected to the nozzle on the tank. You can bring any pipe, but it is important to make the connection reliable. Therefore, it is not recommended to use metal-plastic pipes with press fittings-they require periodic braces, which in this case is problematic. That is, there are not so many options - polypropylene, copper pipe, polyethylene pipes, connected by soldering.
The adapter and the inlet to the tank are connected by a flexible hose. It also choose carefully, better in a braid of good stainless steel. Ideally - buy a branded hose.
Since any installation for the toilet requires a finish, the entire installation process is divided into two parts - before and after finishing. The first is finished, followed by finishing.
Usually the installed frame is sewed with plasterboard. The instructions require two sheets. First, all the dimensions are transferred to the wall, the profile is mounted along the applied contour, and the sheets of gypsum board are already fastened to it.
Before starting work, it is necessary to install a box under the button on the frame. For the period of finishing works it will protect the inside from getting dirt. On the sheets it is necessary to cut out a few holes: under the button, the drainage port and the water inlet from the tank, two pins for hanging the bowl of the toilet bowl. To do this, cut out the size of the sheet put in place, then penciled around all the necessary elements. On the outlined contour cut openings. Prepare two sheets, they are installed and attached to the previously mounted frame. After installing the GCR, the tiles are laid on the adhesive.
After finishing the box under the button is cut off - its edges should be on one level with the tile. The cut off lid uncovers the two bolt holes. It is on them will hold the button for draining.
Before installation, the hose (if the drain is pneumatic) or the cable (if the drain is mechanical) is connected to the button. Then it is installed in place and tightened with two screws (at the corners in a diagonal or as in the photo opposite each other).
The installation of the bowl begins with the installation of the gasket. They put it on the studs. The holes for sewage and water drainage in a circle are processed with sanitary silicone.
Next, the nozzles are installed in the toilet bowl and the entire structure is hung on the studs. On the protruding studs, we put on rubber gaskets and tighten the bolts.
We can assume that the hanging toilet is installed. The last strokes remain - we cut off the excess of the rubber lining. You can do this with a sharp paper knife. Just draw a bowl around the contour, cutting off the excess.
For better sealing, the joint is smeared with silicone. Laying a strip, it immediately equal, surplus immediately erased. It is better to flatten something with something smooth and round, for example, a teaspoon handle. That's all, you can check the work.