One of the conditions of normal living conditions is a properly functioning bath and toilet, the main thing being normally working plumbing fixtures. One of the key points is the correct selection of plumbing. This article will discuss how and how to choose a toilet bowl.
First of all, you need to choose the toilet by the installation method. They are floor and hinged. Outdoor - classic of the genre, all familiar from childhood, it is worth recalling only that there are still corner models - they are often forgotten. Suspended toilet bowls appeared not so long ago, differ in that they are attached to a steel frame, which is hidden behind a false wall. On the same frame behind the wall is installed a flushing cistern, at the bottom are supply pipes of cold water and sewer. This frame is usually called an installation.
The toilet with the installation is definitely more aesthetic - only the bowl that "hangs" on the wall is visible. This method of installation makes cleaning easier - the floor is free, and the hanging bowl is easy to wash. Minus - it is necessary to partition off part of the room - it is necessary to retreat about 30 cm from the main wall, and this is not always possible. But behind this wall it is possible to place the wiring of pipes, other communications. There is one more feature - installation works are a bit more complicated, the price for plumber services is much higher, although you can also manage it yourself.
So, according to this parameter, the choice of the toilet is determined basically by the size of the toilet or the combined bathroom and also by your preferences.
On how to install the toilet with your own hands, read here.
What materials do
The most common are porcelain and faience toilet bowls, but these are not the only materials from which they are made. They are still made of natural and artificial stone. Products made of natural stone are very beautiful, rather hygienic - the stone is polished to an absolutely smooth surface, so it's easy to look after the products. But the stone toilet bowls weigh a lot, are sooo expensive, and yet they do not tolerate shock loads - they can split.
Toilet bowls made of artificial stone are made from composite compounds, which contain crumbs or dust of natural minerals. Outwardly, they differ little from the stone, but the cost is much lower, the decorativeness is at an altitude, so this is a good option for those who like non-standard solutions.
Metal toilets also belong to the category of exotic. Made of stainless steel, which makes them almost eternal. The disadvantage is a considerable price, a small assortment. Still it is necessary to consider, that their non-standard kind should be entered in an environment.
So it turns out that you need to choose a toilet from two materials - porcelain or faience. Which material is better? Of course - porcelain. Its surface is less porous, smoother, there are less marks on it, there is almost no plaque left. Caring for porcelain toilet bowls is easier, their surface even after many years looks white and shiny. Faience is much cheaper, but its surface is not so smooth, and the color is usually "not so white." So if you choose what is better porcelain or porcelain for the toilet - take porcelain.
Types of toilet bowls on the bowl
The comfort of using the toilet is largely determined by the shape of the bowl. There are three types of bowls:
a brief description of
The bowl toilet bowls are named that way because the drain hole is displaced forward, and the bowl has a flattened bottom, similar to a shelf or a plate. Hence the name - plate, sometimes called this kind of called "with a shelf."
With this structure, the waste remains on the ledge, washed off when the water is drained. It is this kind of construction that can cause splashes when falling waste, which is very unpleasant. If you have such a problem, you can solve it by setting the drain - make the water pressure less.
Even more likely to get a spray in the funnel-shaped. In them, the drain hole is almost in the middle. The smell with this structure is minimal - the excrement immediately falls into the water, there is almost no trace on the surface, everything is completely cleaned when the water is drained. But when the waste falls, splashes and splashes are very frequent.
It is usually without spray, usually dispenses in peaking toilet bowls. At them the drain is displaced forward, and the back wall of a bowl is equal or even slightly arched. After falling on it, the waste slips, so there really is not a spray, but there are traces, and the smell is more palpable. Traces even when the water is drained do not always disappear, you have to help the brush.
Therefore, if you want to have less spray, choose a toilet bowl simply - the optimal shape of the bowl is visor,
What is anti-spill system?
When communicating with sellers in stores, you will begin to talk about the anti-splash system. In fact, the whole system is a narrow drain hole with rounded edges and a low water level in the bowl.
With the dimensions of the drain hole, everything is quite simple - you can evaluate visually, but how to understand to what level the water will be collected? It is necessary to look at the toilet outlet (nipple from the back). The water will be at the level of its lower edge. Another option is to consider the scheme in the technical catalog. There are all sizes, including the water level (marked with a red arrow in the photo).
Another characteristic feature of the fact that there will not be a surge is a downwardly spaced hole. This is perhaps the most important sign.
What to do if the toilet is worth while there are splashes. Exit two - move against the drain hole or pre-throw a few pieces of toilet paper.
Types of draining (as water moves)
To decide which drain in the toilet is better, consider the features of each. There are three discharge systems:
- direct (cascaded, horizontal);
- circular straight line;
- circular swirling.
With direct drainage, water is discharged by a powerful flow from the drain hole of the tank. It covers about half the volume of the bowl, but the most polluted part is a powerful stream. Such a system is typical for all models that were produced in the USSR. The disadvantage is that half of the bowl is not washed, it is necessary to clean it with a brush.
The circular flushing is characterized by the fact that the edge of the bowl is made in the form of a groove in which, according to a certain scheme, the holes are located. When flushed, water enters this gutter, spreads around the entire circumference, through the holes, into the bowl. It differs by a more even distribution of water, a quieter work. Such a flush is more rational, but there is a solid minus - the possibility of overgrowing small holes in size.
Choose a toilet on this feature is also simple - a circular flushing is better. Only pay attention to the fact that the bezel was ceramic and did not have plastic inserts. If there are plastic elements - this is just an imitation of a circular flushing, which works no better than a straight line. A toilet with a circular flush has a high cost, and such a discovery is very unpleasant.
Type of release
The type of toilet outlet (spout at the back) is determined by the position of the sewer outlet to which you want to connect. There are no advantages to the different issues. Because the choice of a toilet in this case is simple - to put one that suits your sewerage.
There are three types of output:
- Horizontal. From the name it is clear - it is parallel to the floor plane. This type of toilet is suitable if the sewage outlet is at a level of 10-15 cm above the floor.
- Vertical. The drain hole goes down. This type is set if the sewer is hidden in the floor and its outlet is pointing upwards.
- The oblique issue. These models are convenient to connect if the sewer pipe is at floor level or slightly higher. Only keep in mind that the angle of inclination can be different - 30 °, 40 °, 60 °, 75 °. Pick up the one that will best be "docked.
The choice of a toilet bowl and in that case it is simple - depends on that, as the branch pipe of the water drain is located. If you have an old device, you do not intend to change the sewer, it's still easier - the new one should have the same output.
The tank in the floor toilet can be of four types:
- Compact. The tank is attached to a special ledge-shelf, there are models with protrusions on the tank, which they connect to the bowl. Dignity - the tank can easily be replaced, a drawback - there may be leaks at the junction with the bowl. Tanks of this type are regular rectangular and angular in form.
- Monoblock. In such a toilet bowl the bowl and the bowl are a single whole, there simply can not be leaks. Disadvantage - if damaged, you will have to change the whole structure.
- Carried out the tank (high and medium). The water tank is attached to the wall at different heights. With a cup connected by a pipe. Such a design can be considered a classic, disadvantages - the possibility of leakage at the joints.