The water heater is an indispensable device in any apartment, especially when the hot water is turned off. It happens that the design features of the premises do not allow it to be mounted on the wall in the bathrooms or, for example, in the toilet. After all, not every wall is capable of withstanding significant loads, especially when it comes to large types of boilers capable of holding more than two hundred liters of water.
With such a large mass of water heater, you should not even think about attaching such units to the wall, as this can lead to unpleasant consequences. The way out of this situation is a floor boiler.
Types and types of boilers
Water heaters are divided into several categories. And also they can be divided into several types, depending on the type of heating of the water heater.
Types of water heaters
As a rule, floor boilers are of two types:
The design of standard models provides for supply of both water and electricity exclusively at the bottom of the product, while floor boilers perform their work on a slightly different scheme from the classical version. This is due to the fact that the floor arrangement of such products excludes the possibility of access to these elements of the structure, therefore in the floor varieties they are, as a rule, in the side part of the device
In the set of boilers from well-known manufacturers, as a rule, there are special legs that can serve as a support and ensure the stability of the product. Such supports can be either removable or built-in. A guarantee that the device will remain stationary is that its design provides for three legs, which ensures maximum stability.
The installation of such devices differs depending on their purpose. Household versions of boilers provide a capacity of up to two hundred liters, and their installation is carried out almost as well as wall, but in this case, no mountings are required, and the ability to move the device allows you to choose a location, taking into account any wishes.
Floor boilers, as a rule, are not produced with a capacity less than one hundred liters, but there are some exceptions. They include, for example, accumulative varieties of boilers, whose volume is about thirty liters.
Such products are often placed under the sinks to get access to hot water in the kitchen. Such boilers can not be fixed, but simply placed directly on the floor or any other surface. You should be aware that this variety is not a floor boiler, but it is a wall-mounted one, when installed, mistakes are made.
Installation of commercial products must be performed exclusively by specialists, since their volume can reach thousands of liters, which requires a competent and professional approach.
Gas floor boilers are quite economical and unlike flow heaters they are able to accumulate a large amount of hot water. Such boilers are installed both in houses and in industrial premises.
Types of water heaters depending on the type of heating
By type of heating, boilers can be:
- Indirect heating;
- Direct heating.
They differ in that a small circuit with water is heated in boilers of indirect heating and already it heats water on the main water system, with direct heating the water in the boiler is heated directly by the TEN from the anode with the cathode (from electricity).
Tips for choosing a boiler
It is very important when buying such products to pay attention to the features of their installation, so that instead of the necessary product, do not buy a suspension version. It is quite easy to mix them up because they look the same, as a rule, alike, but the principles of their work are completely different.
A floor boiler is required to heat really large volumes of water. A one-liter model is able to meet the water needs of an average family of three. But if such volumes are not enough, then do not even think about attaching two hundred liter tanks to the wall, as this leads to rather sad consequences.
In most cases, the floor boiler is able to harmoniously fit into almost any interior, which can not be said about wall models.
Manufacturers of floor standing boilers
Among the manufacturers of such products, the most reliable and quality products are produced by Ariston, Siemens, and Vaillant, which allowed them to become leaders in this field not only in Russia but throughout Europe.
Prices for similar products range from $ 450 to $ 1,200, which is quite an adequate cost.
When acquiring Thermex, remember that the boilers are manufactured in Russia, but from Chinese parts, which is the reason for the rather low quality of the products. Particular attention deserves the lack of this company's focus on the wishes of customers. This led to the fact that most of the feedback on this product is negative.