The main thing in the repair - the decoration of the walls in the kitchen. It is necessary to choose decoration materials practical and beautiful, and this is not easy: not everyone meets the requirements.
- 1 Requirements for finishing materials for the kitchen
- 2 Ceramic tiles and mosaics
- 3 Wallpaper: washable and under painting
- 4 Painting walls
- 5 Decorative plaster
- 6 Natural and decorative stone
- 7 Wall decoration in the kitchen with plastic panels
- 8 MDF panels
Requirements for finishing materials for the kitchen
The kitchen refers to rooms with complex conditions: there is often increased humidity, evaporation, splashes of fat. Therefore, the materials for finishing the walls of the kitchen should wash well, do not react to high humidity.
In addition to cooking in most families in the kitchen is still used as a dining room. And if so, then the finish should also be beautiful. Naturally, it should be safe for health and, preferably, durable.
Satisfies all the conditions are not so many materials. Only a large variety of textures and colors, and recently appeared novelties. So, the walls in the kitchen are decorated with:
- ceramic tiles and mosaics;
- washable wallpaper;
- waterproof paint;
- MDF, plastic panels;
- decorative plaster.
Because of the fact that in the same room are combined different functions, even a small kitchen is divided into two zones - working and dining. And emphasizes the separation of the use of different finishing materials, including for walls. So most often it is necessary to choose two types of wall finishes for the kitchen - in the work area something very practical, easy to wash, and in the dining room in the same style and color, but more cozy.
Ceramic tiles and mosaics
Wall ceramic tiles for finishing the walls of the kitchen are an excellent option in terms of durability and ease of care. But if the entire room is tiled, it will be uncomfortable, as in the operating room. Another drawback is the high costs for the material itself and for its installation: it is not very easy to lay the tiles on the walls, therefore they often hire masters, and their work is not cheap.
Therefore, in modern repair, for the most part, ceramics is trimmed by the working area - the wall space between the floor and suspended cabinets. This piece is also called a kitchen apron. Previously it was made only from tiles, today this material has worthy competitors - glass-ceramic and plastic panels, MDF panels, decorative and natural stone.
All new materials are easily mounted - fastened to several bolts, do not require a perfectly flat wall surface. It's easier to take care of them, since there are very few seams - at the joint of panels - and they can be sealed with a sealant to prevent moisture and dirt from entering. In general, ceramic tiles - a good option for finishing the working area in the kitchen, but not the only and not the best.
Options for finishing ceramic tiles
But, despite the availability of new materials, tiles are still the most popular option for finishing the working wall in the kitchen. Only in the style of registration there were significant differences. The 15 * 15 cm or 18 * 18 cm square tile, which is widely used in the past, is no longer popular. In favor, large formats - a long rectangular or square, but with a side not less than 35 cm, and even 50-70 cm. So it turns out that the kitchen apron requires one or two rows of tiles.
Which specifically choose a tile - smooth, with texture, with or without drawings - it's up to you. Of course, it looks very interesting. But in practicality, it yields to a smooth surface: dirt and soot clog up into the depressions. To bring it into its normal state requires considerable effort.
Wall decoration with mosaic
It looks good decorating the walls in the kitchen mosaic. It is a very small ceramic, glass-ceramic or glass tile glued to the mesh - for a quicker installation. Small squares can be the same color, and can - different shades in one range, there is a mosaic, laid out patterns and even paintings. This kind of finishing material is even more expensive than ceramic tiles, but also it has a nonstandard look.
To make mosaic in the kitchen you can not only a working wall. The same panel is made over the dining table. This harmonizes the interior. In addition, another frequently soiled zone gets an easily washable coating.
Wallpaper: washable and under painting
This kind of finishing materials is mostly used on walls in the dining area of the kitchen. In the work area, even super-washable and super-strong wallpaper will not last long. Especially in the washing area.
According to the technology, wall finishing in the kitchen with wallpaper means first leveling the walls, glued wallpaper on a flat surface. The best choice - with vinyl cover. Vinyl forms a dense film, which can be wiped with a rag. There are technologies that make it possible to get such a strong coating that these wallpapers can be washed with a brush using liquid (non-abrasive) detergents.
Vinyl wallpaper is based on paper, is on nonwoven. Flizeline on a flat surface is very easy to glue. If the walls are not equal to the kitchen, it is better to take vinyl wallpaper on a paper basis, and choose a thick paper, and the surface of the roll - textured. This will help to hide the irregularities.
A separate category is the wallpaper for painting. They, too, should be glued to smooth surfaces. They make them more often on the basis of glass fiber. They are painted with water-based paint, without problems can be repainted from 3 to 20 times (depends on the type of wallpaper, the more you can repain, the more expensive the wallpaper). We will talk about the choice of paint in the next section.
Another special type of wallpaper - wallpapers. Bright or pastoral landscapes, city shots, kitchen "still lifes" - all that your heart desires. It is usually applied to a wall that has a table or a free wall. There is, by the way, a way to blur the borders in a rectangular kitchen - to paste a large-format image with a call to the next wall. Immediately changing the visual perception of the room.
The choice of paints for walls in the kitchen is not that great - water emulsion suits most, but you need to take them washable. This type of paint can be repainted without problems, but it's easier to wash. Because we choose just such.
On technology, the walls in the kitchen are painted with paint - on a smooth, pre-primed wall. The type of soil is chosen depending on the type of paint (with acrylates, alkyd and silicate). After drying the primer is applied in several layers of paint. Since the base is watery, there is practically no smell, after drying, a film of different degrees of strength is formed (for more details about finishing paints, read here).
Finishing the walls of the kitchen with the help of painting can be background, soft, or, on the contrary, attract attention. Background colors are chosen if the kitchen furniture set is of a bright color, and the bright walls are made if the facades are neutral.
Decorative plaster I also call "liquid wallpaper". These compounds are textured and smooth. Smooth - Venetian plaster based on marble dust with various additives. To the touch, the surface turns silky, has a very muted shine similar to silk. Textured plasters are of two types. In the first relief is obtained due to the presence in the composition of some large impregnations (usually quartz sand of different granularity), the second relief is obtained due to the application of special rollers with brushes, spatulas.
The walls in the kitchen are finished with smooth decorative plaster after a thorough leveling of the walls. The composition is very expensive and it is extremely disadvantageous to spend it on aligning the defects. In addition, the slightest irregularities spoil the overall impression. Structural decorative plasters can be used to finish non-ideal walls - the surface will still be uneven, so that ideal smoothness is not required. Which is necessary in any case - a preliminary primer for better adhesion to the surface.
Decorative plaster for wall finishing in the kitchen is a good choice - it is washed, for a long time it keeps its appearance, many pigments do not fade and do not burn out. The disadvantage is the high price of the material and the complicated technique of application, which not all "masters" cope with. In addition to the ability to plaster it requires artistic taste, but it is not at all.
Natural and decorative stone
Non-standard design of walls in the kitchen is done using natural or artificial decorative stone. Natural - sawn on thin plates of different sizes and shapes. Artificial - made on the basis of gypsum or cement, with the addition of crumbs of natural minerals. A natural stone is heavier and more expensive, it is more difficult to lay it. Artificial lighter in weight, much cheaper, easier to lay one side of it as a tile, the second imitates the surface of the stone and painting and shape.
Decorating the walls in the kitchen with a decorative stone - natural or artificial - requires a certain skill. Preliminary also it is required to level the surface before starting the finishing work. Put on the glue for the tiles, first covered with a primer. After laying the stone, joints (grout or grout) are thinned, after which the wall is varnished - to make it easier to take care of.
Wall decoration in the kitchen with plastic panels
If you need an inexpensive and fast option for finishing the kitchen, consider the wall plastic panels. They are mounted on the crate, fastened with screws or staples from the stapler. The walls do not need to be leveled - the crate will hide all the shortcomings. Finishing the walls in the kitchen with PVC panels is probably the fastest way to upgrade the room. In addition, the cheapest. There are a lot of colors - from solid matt or glossy to imitation tiles, wood and other surfaces and materials.
Naturally, there are downsides - unnatural raw materials and fragility. Raw materials are not natural, but under normal operating conditions (not to exceed the temperature) is harmless. With fragility. do not do anything - the plastic panels have bridges between the two layers of polymer. When they hit, they crumble. There are, however, thin PVC wall panels, but they are glued to flat walls. In any case, if you need a quick and inexpensive way to update the wall covering in the kitchen - consider the plastic panels.
Another simple and quick way to do repairs is to finish the walls in the kitchen with MDF panels. They are also mounted on the crate, but are much more expensive than plastic ones. One way to trim an apron without tiles is to use MDF boards. In addition, this material can be drawn and the rest of the wall. It is made from pulverized wood waste, which are molded at high pressure. The resulting plates are then laminated with a film. There are a lot of colors for MDF, but the most popular ones are the imitation of a tree of different breeds and shades.
Color solutions for decorating walls in the kitchen with MDF panels are different:
- Choose the same color as on the table top.
- Make an apron coinciding with the facade, and the walls are of a different color.
- All the walls and apron in the kitchen make one color, but it does not match the coloring of the furniture (contrasting or in the same scale).
The disadvantage of this method of finishing the kitchen walls - MDF reacts to high humidity (a little, but it expands). To reduce the effect, during installation, the open sections are treated with a sealant.