To steam in the summer in the house, if you can spend time in the fresh air? Not a good idea. And to cook or do twists is worse. It is much more pleasant and useful to spend time under a canopy or in a light, purged construction, which many call "summer kitchen". Summer kitchen with their own hands is built easily, especially open options.
Open summer kitchen: views and photos
Open - it's rather an open gazebo or a veranda. Very good option for a warm season. Not all regions even in summer can be long on the street. Then they make closed summer kitchens - this is a small house that can be built according to any technology that seems most attractive to you.
Summer kitchen - extension
Let's start with open areas. If it is supposed to be transported to fresh air for the summer, it will be more convenient to attach the summer kitchen to the existing house. In this case, make a veranda. Most often, they first open it. The easiest way is to make a wooden extension. In a very open version it can be just pillars supporting the roof.
This option is very good for southern regions, where most of the year on the street can be as long as you want. For more northern regions or if it is a house of permanent residence, usually the extension is decided to make it more closed. First, do the railing, and then often think about something else to close the spans: I want to extend the "period of use." As a result, the open summer kitchen becomes closed.
The most common material for this type of extension is wood. It is plastic, forgives many blunders, which can later be corrected without parsing the design, because it's easy to work without skills. It is also light, so the foundation for the summer kitchen from wood can be made lightweight - columnar or pile, you can - with grillage.
The second most popular material is brick or decorative stone. In the presence of "direct" hands and observance of technology and with this material, amateur developers can work. For the construction of the house without the experience is not worth it, but to lay down the pillars and partitions under the summer kitchen can try.
But since even a column of brick or stone weighs no more than a hundred kilograms or more, the foundation for it requires more solid. If you consider that it will take more load from the roof, you will have to make poles or piles, with a good bearing capacity.
If you are thinking about putting brick walls later, it is better to immediately pour the pile-tape foundation, and the tape to deepen below the depth of freezing. If such an option is not suitable - the depth of freezing is large or the ground does not allow, it is necessary either to make a slab monolithic, or to abandon the brick partitions, having made them according to another technology, even their own wood or frame-shield technology. Built by own hands, the summer kitchen is so good that knowing all the features of the design to the smallest detail, you can subsequently upgrade the building.
Some people do not really like the kitchen smells that can get into the house from the extension. Then erect a small building at some distance from the house. The presence of summer kitchens is almost an obligatory attribute of private houses in the southern regions. Before the era of air conditioners, cooking in the heat in the room was a real torture: high temperature "overboard", heated walls, and even heat from the stove - conditions are infernal, while other rooms are heated. That's why they made at least small detached houses-gazebos, in which a gas stove and a liquefied gas cylinder were put in the cities, a small stove was put in the villages. Some even cooked on a "kerosene stove" or a primus stove.
Modern climate technology can eliminate all these inconveniences, but separate summer kitchens still continue to build. They are often used as a guest house - making them with a mansard floor.
The cheapest option is the pillars supporting the roof. They can be wooden, brick or combined - consisting of a socle made of stone, and the top - of a bar. This is the optimal option from the point of view of operation: the wood is protected from the influence of most of the precipitation, and at the same time the weight is not very large.
The options for free-standing outdoor kitchens are mass. They are built in the same type as the gazebos, only, perhaps, they are large. The technology of building an open platform of brick can be seen here, the process of building a tree is described here.
Sometimes, they can have a barbecue area. How to make a simple brazier from a brick read here, about a brick barbecue - here.
Of what to make a floor
The floor in such a kitchen can be planked. It's easier to do, but many are confused that the wood will be almost without protection. You can solve the problem in two ways. The first - to use effective protective impregnations - such as oils or wax for wood, intended for outdoor work. They do not create a shiny surface, but they protect well from moisture and dirt. Use lacquers for summer kitchens - not the best idea. They begin to burst and crack to renew the coating, the old one needs to be removed completely, while the oils and wax only require thorough preliminary cleaning, after drying, a fresh layer can be applied.
The second way is to use wood-polymer composite (WPC), not wood, but wood. These are the boards, which consist of a mixture of wood fibers and polymers. They both look and feel very much like wood. With the only difference that almost do not change the size depending on the humidity, however, the temperature expansion is present. Such boards are called "decking" or "planken" depending on the board profile. There is also a "garden parquet". This cover, made of the same material, only assembled in shields, like parquet. They can simply be laid on the ground, without any preparation.
The advantages of WPC can be attributed to a long period of operation without changing the original properties. It is calculated in dozens of years, but varies greatly depending on the manufacturer. Less is not the most democratic price. Perhaps this is due to the fact that the technology is relatively new, not yet mastered, although there are Russian manufacturers of such products.
Better weather tolerates stone or specialty tiles, but the arrangement of such a floor is not easy. If you just put on a gravel-sand podsypku, zamaknuv in the fall, in frost tiles can crack or pootskakivat. We have to make a warm monolithic slab, observing the entire technology: with a sandy-gravel layer, a heater, reinforcement, pouring concrete. Dimensions of this plate - 50-60 cm more perimeter than the planned construction. In general, the costs and work are serious, although in operation it is convenient.
After a time when concrete will gain strength (minimum should be 2 weeks, and this at an average temperature of + 20 ° C), you can lay the coating. You can use a flagstone - a stone cut on the seams, you can - porcelain stoneware, or a frost-resistant tile.
A simpler version is to lay out the site with paving slabs. But this is an exceptionally summer option. But - without fuss with the foundation.
If the summer kitchen with their own hands is built at the dacha, this is perhaps the most optimal option. It turns out inexpensive and practical.
Closed summer kitchen
Those who want to have an all-season summer playground for gatherings or cooking, put more capital structures. More often than not, these are structures based on wireframe technology - quickly and relatively inexpensively, more expensive, but more proficiently - from a log or beam.
In the case of frame construction, everything is very simple: with a small step put the racks of the beam (you can even join the boards), then they are sheathed from two sides with some kind of finishing material. What - at your choice, though lining - wooden or plastic, blockhouse, any other material. Inside, for economy, plywood is often lined, fiberboard, gypsum board, OSB or something similar. If desired, it can be insulated. The frame is sewn on one side, the insulation is laid (usually mineral wool), the sheathing on the other side is mounted. It is possible to warm not only at once, but after a certain time, only one side will have to remove the skin.
Another frame construction is convenient in that it can be given any shape, and the foundation can be relatively light - depending on the ground - pile or belt. Such foundations are necessary and under wooden constructions - from a log or a bar. Here all the rules are the same. It is important to find or order a project, and to collect is a matter of technology.
Naturally, you can build and from any other materials - from foam blocks - to a brick or even a boot. It's all about the amount that you are planning or can spend on this construction. Another inexpensive will cost a building made of foam concrete, aerated concrete, some building blocks, adobe. The slagblock, like the Saman, can be made independently, so the choice of material is just for you, and then everything is built according to all the rules. Only with one deviation: the insulation for the summer kitchen or do not do at all, or make it minimal. Another point - heating, as a rule, is absent, and this must also be taken into account when selecting materials for construction, and for finishing.
Photoreport of the construction of a summer kitchen with an open veranda
A summer kitchen was built with the possibility of "sitting on the air". Because the option was chosen with an open veranda. The basis of the house is assembled from a bar 200 * 200 mm, internal piers - from 150 * 100 mm. Externally I like the gun carriage, but it's worthlessly expensive, because the beam was podsesyvalsya, to create a similar relief.
The foundation is made columnar. Since the construction is light, the soil is normal, the columns are buried only 60 cm.
Strapping was collected from a bar 200 * 200 mm. It was pre-soaked with an antiseptic. The corners were joined as usual - they made incisors. Crosses were placed on metal U-shaped plates. Rigid bars were not strengthened, since the whipping would still be so that the building could "walk".
Racks made from a bar 200 * 200 mm, internal filling from 150 * 100 mm.
The walls were assembled fairly quickly and without problems: no cuttings, just the required length pieces of timber are nailed to the racks. The roof is made gable, with a small angle of the slope. On the one hand, the removal of the rafter legs is more - to make a canopy on the side of the verandah, which will be covered from oblique rain.
The ceiling is made of unedged board, which was then brought to the mind on its machine.
Design of summer kitchen: photo
After the construction of the summer kitchen, another problem arises: it is necessary to formalize it. The arrangement includes not only the selection of the table and chairs, it is also necessary to somehow organize the working area, somewhere to store the fire for the furnace, which is often put here.
And some more ideas in video format